• Chem 130: Fundamental Chemistry

Chemistry 130. Fundamental Chemistry (General, Organic, and Biochemistry)

These files are provided for students in Chemistry 130 lecture and laboratory at Pima Community College. The course syllabus is shown for the last time I taught this course.

These are pdf files and require Adobe Acrobat Reader (downloaded free from the Adobe web site)

Lecture Information:

CHM 130IN Syllabus for Spring 2013 This syllabus is for the textbook by Bettelheim, Frederick A., William H. Brown, Mary K. Campbell, and Shawn O. Farrell, Introduction to General Organic and Biochemistry, Eighth Edition, Thomson-Brooks/Cole, 2007

CHM 130IN Lab Schedule for Spring 2013

CHM 130 Syllabus for students using the textbook by Raymond , Kenneth W., General Organic and Biological Chemistry, Wiley, 2006. Please refer to regular syllabus, above, for class policies and grading information.

Notes on metric system, chemical symbols, formulas, nomenclature, chemical equations, and more will be found in the General Chem Survival Manual section.

Reference Material:

The Periodic Table This is a link to the Web Elements Periodic Table by Mark Winter, Dept. of Chemistry, University of Sheffield. Probably the best periodic table on the Internet, it provides a wealth of information about the elements.

ChemSpider ChemSpider links together compound information across the web, providing free text and structure search access of millions of chemical structures. With an abundance of additional property information, tools to curate and use the data, and integration to a multitude of other online services, ChemSpider is the richest single source of structure-based chemistry information available online.  ChemSpider is provided free by the Royal Society of Chemistry

Chemistry Add-in for Word This is a free download originally from Microsoft Research for Word 2007 or Word 2010. This is the 2016 Version, from .NET Foundation, which makes it easier to to insert and modify chemical information, such as labels, formulas, and 2-D depictions, within Microsoft Office Word. This is a link to the .NET Foundation website.

Graphing with Excel A LabWrite Resources tutorial on graphing from NC State University

LabWrite is a resource developed by NC State University for improving lab reports. This is a link to the LabWrite web site.

Chemistry Videos for Review of Topics

Khan Academy provides a number of videos on various subjects at no cost on YouTube. They are a not-for-profit organization with a mission of providing information. (They do ask for donations) The chemistry videos cover most of the topics for a high school or first-year college chemistry course. The videos are essentially lectures of up to about 15 minutes in length with limited notes being written on a black screen as one would write on a blackboard with some occasional pictures or tables. These were recommended by a student. I have only viewed portions of some videos.

Course Notes

Math Review includes significant figures and scientific notation

Math Review Algebraic operations you should be able to do before starting a general chemistry course

Math Answers Answers to the Math Review problems

Significant Figures, Exponents, and Scientific Notation A tutorial

A Summary of Significant Figures Rules

Answers for Significant Figures, Exponents, and Scientific Notation

Measurement, and Temperature

Metric System The SI system with a short history of measurement

Powers of Ten Written and directed by Charles and Ray Eames in 1977, this video shows the relative scale of the universe, both macroscopic and microscopic by first zooming out from a picnic in Chicago and then zooming into the subatomic world.

Temperature Temperature measurement with a short historical background

Absolute Zero This is a program from NOVA (split into 10 chapters). The program presents a history of temperature measurement up to the modern methods of trying to reach absolute zero. This is a link to the YouTube video. (53 minutes)

Dimensional Analysis Problem Solving

Problem Solving by Dimensional Analysis

Answers for Problem Solving by Dimensional Analysis

The Elements and the Periodic Table

Element Symbols A historical approach to modern element symbols

Forging the Elements How were the elements formed? This is a segement from the NOVA program Origins: Back to the Beginning. Watch the entire program (55 minutes) or just select the Forging the Elements chapter about 34 minutes into the video). There is also an excerpt titled The Elements: Forged in Stars (about 4 minutes long).

Electron configurations This is an applet for electron configurations from The ChemCollective at Carnegie Mellon

Prospects for Further Considerable Extension of the Periodic Table, a paper by Glenn T. Seaborg, Journal of Chemical Education, 46, Number 10, October 1969, p626

Island of Stability A video from NOVA explaining how heavy elements are made. This is a link to the NOVA website

A suggested periodic table up to Z ≤ 172, based on Dirac–Fock calculations on atoms and ions, a paper by Pekka Pyykko, Physical Chemistry and Chemical Phyics, 2011, 13, 161-168

Notes on the Periodic Classification This is a PDF form of the PowerPoint lecture used in class

Notes on the Periodic Properties of the elements. This is a PDF form of the PowerPoint lecture used in class

Chemical Formulas and Nomenclature and the Mole

Formula Writing Includes nomenclature of inorganic compounds.

Answers for Formula Writing

Additional Tables for Formula Writng These tables were supplied by Matthew Medeiros of Pima Community College.

Flowcharts for Naming Compounds and Common Acids

Chemical Formulas and Formula Weight Calculations

Chemical Formulas and Formula Weight Calculations This is a PDF of the PowerPoint presentation used in class.

Some Notes on Avogadro's Number. This is a link to an article by T. A. Furtsch at Tennessee Technological University, Cookeville, TN

Amount of Substance and the Mole This is a link to an article by Ian Mills and Martin Milton in Chemistry International, Vol. 31, No. 2, March-April 2009.

Atoms and the Atomic Theory

Notes on the Atomic Theory

Notes on the Periodic Classification

Notes on the Electronic Structure of Atoms

Electron configurations This is an applet for electron configurations from The ChemCollective at Carnegie Mellon

Imaging the atomic orbitals of carbon atomic chains with field-emission electron microscopy. A paper by I. M. Mikhailovskij, E. V. Sadanov, T. I Mazilova, V. A. Ksenofontov, and O. A. Velicodnaja, Physical Review B, 80, 165404 (2009). s and p orbitals do exist!

Atomic Structure and Atomic Spectra

Emission spectra of elements: These are links to web sites for emission spectra of elements. Note: Academic websites may only be available for limited time periods.

A periodic table from University of Oregon. Click on an element to see the spectrum. Choose between absorption and emission spectra. (This requires JAVA. Web site can install it.)

Quicktime movies from Beloit College. Click on the absorption, emission, or combination spectrum shown to initiate spectra. Move the slide on the bottom of the spectrum to select elements. Note: Apple Quicktime needed (a free download)

Spectroscopy: Element Identification and Emission Spectra. Contains an explanation of spectra with both selected flame spectra and element spectra following the explanation. This material was prepared by Dr. Walt Volland, Bellvue Community College.

Spectra of Gas Discharges by Joachim Koppen, University Strasbourg, France.

Table of Flame Colorant by Element from the Mineralogy Database.

A periodic table to locate spectra. Click on an element to see its spectrum.

Nuclear Chemistry

Notes on Nuclear Chemistry

The following are links to web sites for natural radiation decay series.

Natural Decay Series: Uranium, Radium and Thorium. From the Argonne National Laboratory Environmental Science Division.

Natural Radioactive Series by Yevgeniy Miretskiy. Select the decay eries and the time step, then animate. This uses a bar graph to show the concentrations of the major isotopes formed in the decay series change over time. Additional data on half-lives and numbers of atoms are given on the right of the graph. Note: For long half-lives, select a longer time step.

The following are links to information on the Biological Effects of Radiation

Nuclear Radiation and Its Biological Effects. This is a link to an excerpt from the book No Immediate Danger, Prognosis for a Radioactive Earth,by Dr Rosalie Bertell

Biological Effects of Exposure to a Single Dose of Ionizing Radiation. A table summarizing the effects.

Radiation we are exposed to every day

Chemical Reactions and Chemical Equations

Writing Chemical Equations

Answers for Writing Chemical Equations

Oxidation-Reduction - An IntroductionThis is a PDF form of the PowerPoint lecture used in class

Acids and Bases - An Introduction This is a PDF form of the PowerPoint lecture used in class

Organic Chemistry

Notes on Organic Chemistry

Nomenclature of Organic Compounds A tutorial on organic nomenclature

The Athabasca Tar Sands This is a PDF file of the PowerPoint presentation used in class

The Trans-Alaska Pipeline This is a PDF file of the PowerPoint presentation used in class

Shaken, not stirred is an article from Chemistry World, December 2010, telling about the aspects of cocktail chemistry. It's all organic chemistry!


Notes on Solutions and Colloids

Intermolecular Forces and States of Matter

Notes on Intermolecular ForcesThis is a PDF form of the PowerPoint lecture used in class

Notes on Gases, Liquids, and Solids This is a PDF form of the PowerPoint lecture used in class

Laboratory Experiments:

These experiments were developed by David A. Katz for the CHM 130 and CHM 130IN courses. Current experiments may differ. Check your laboratory schedule.

Safety in the Academic Laboratory

Safety in Academic Chemistry Laboratories (SACL), 8th Ed. This is a link to the publication by the American Chemical Society Joint Board-council Committee on Chemical Safety

Safety Test Questions These questions are similar, but not exactly the same, as those asked on the safety test. The safety test contains 35 questions.

Mystery Powders

An Experiment in Alchemy: Copper to Silver to Gold

Economics of a Chemical Product

Ink Analysis: An Experiment in Paper Chromatography

Chromatography: The Extraction and Identification of Artificial Colors From Foods

The Characterization of an Unknown Substance

Energy of a Peanut: An Experiment in Calorimetry

Nuclear Chemistry Experiments

Empirical Formula of a Compound

Build a Spectroscope

Testing the Waters: How Good is That Bottled Water and How Effective is Your Water Filter


Osmosis and Dialysis

Chemical Reactions

Synthesis of Zinc Iodide: Tracking a Chemical Reaction

Alum from Waste Aluminum Cans

Growing Alum Crystals

Plop, Plop, Fizz, Fizz, Limiting Reagents and Determination of NaHCO3 in Alka Seltzer Tablets

Standardization of a Basic Solution and Analysis of Stomach Antacid Tablets

The Silver Mirror Reaction